Along these lines, Kenneth Pollack concludes his exhaustive study of Arab military effectiveness by noting that “certain patterns of behavior fostered by the dominant Arab culture were the most important factors contributing to the limited military effectiveness of Arab armies and air forces from 1945 to 1991.”16 These …
The Arab League as an organization has no military force, like the United Nations or the European Union, but recently in the 2007 summit, the Leaders decided to reactivate their joint defense and establish a peacekeeping force to deploy in South Lebanon, Darfur, Iraq, Somalia, and other hot spots.
|Date||15 May 1948 – 10 March 1949 (9 months, 3 weeks and 2 days)|
|Location||Former British Mandate of Palestine, Sinai Peninsula, southern Lebanon|
|Result||Israeli victory Jordanian partial victory Palestinian Arab defeat Egyptian defeat Arab League strategic failure 1949 Armistice Agreements|
|Date||5–10 June 1967 (6-day)|
|Territorial changes||Israel captures and occupies the Golan Heights, the West Bank (incl. East Jerusalem), the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula|
This is reinforced by the annual rankings of the U.S. based Global Firepower Index, which ranks Egypt as having the ninth most powerful military in the world, while Israel is ranked as having the eighteenth.
The Armed Forces are one of the best-funded in the world. Saudi Arabia has the world’s ninth largest defense budget. International Institute for Strategic Studies estimates in 2017 listed a total of 127,000 personnel (75,000 RSLF; 13,500 Navy; 20,000 Air Force; 16,000 Air Defense; and Strategic Missile Forces 2,500).
In the immediate aftermath of the Second Israel–Lebanon War, most ob- servers have concluded that Israel lost its war against Hezbollah.
|Conflict||Combatant 1||Israeli losses|
|War of Independence (1947–1949)||Israel||4,074|
|Sinai War (1956)||Israel United Kingdom France||231|
|Six-Day War (1967)||Israel||776|
As noted here last month, there has been a real uptick in strikes in Syria, as part of the so-called “war between the wars.” Israel has two main goals in Syria: preventing weapons smuggling from Iran to Hezbollah and striking at other Iranian interests, such as Shi’ite militia bases deep inside the country and locals …
The catalyst for the joint Israeli-British-French attack on Egypt was the nationalization of the Suez Canal by Egyptian leader General Gamal Abdel Nasser in July 1956. … The Israelis struck first, but were shocked to find that British and French forces did not immediately follow behind them.
The termination of the British mandate over Palestine and the Israeli Declaration of Independence sparked a full-scale war (1948 Arab–Israeli War) which erupted after May 14, 1948.
Fighting began with attacks by irregular bands of Palestinian Arabs attached to local units of the Arab Liberation Army composed of volunteers from Palestine and neighboring Arab countries. These groups launched their attacks against Jewish cities, settlements, and armed forces.
Arab citizens can enlist if they want to but are not required by law. Other exceptions are made on religious, physical, or psychological grounds.
Pakistan’s armed forces are among the most modern, largest and well funded in the world. Within them, the army is the largest unit and the most powerful institution in the country.
Although Saudi Arabia does not possess weapons of mass destruction, Saudi officials have hinted at the desirability of possessing nuclear weapons to counter the nuclear ambitions of regional rival Iran.
The State of Palestine has no land army, nor an air force or a navy. … ″In order to guarantee public order and internal security for the Palestinians of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, the [Palestinian] Council shall establish a strong police force as set out in Article XIV below.
Although Israel has possessed nuclear weapons since the 1960’s, it maintains a policy of nuclear opacity, never officially confirming the existence of its nuclear program. Accordingly, Israel has never signed the NPT.
Israel deals directly with U.S. companies for the vast majority of its military purchases from the United States, though it requires permission from the U.S. government for specific purchases.
Syria soon announced its complete support to Palestine after the 1948 Arab–Israeli War broke out, and had sent troops to fight against newly-formed Israel Defense Forces, but it failed to change the tie, and later also failed to get a peace talk.
Israel maintains full diplomatic relations with two of its Arab neighbours, Egypt and Jordan, after signing peace treaties in 1979 and 1994 respectively. In 2020, Israel signed agreements establishing diplomatic relations with four Arab League countries, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates, Sudan and Morocco.
Syria, country located on the east coast of the Mediterranean Sea in southwestern Asia. Its area includes territory in the Golan Heights that has been occupied by Israel since 1967.
Suez Canal Authority
The canal is operated and maintained by the state-owned Suez Canal Authority (SCA) of Egypt. Under the Convention of Constantinople, it may be used “in time of war as in time of peace, by every vessel of commerce or of war, without distinction of flag.”
According to the Book of Genesis, the patriarch Jacob was given the name Israel (Hebrew: יִשְׂרָאֵל, Modern: Yīsraʾel, Tiberian: Yīsrāʾēl) after he wrestled with the angel (Genesis 32:28 and 35:10). The given name is already attested in Eblaite (𒅖𒊏𒅋, išrail) and Ugaritic (𐎊𐎌𐎗𐎛𐎍, yšrʾil).
The Romans occupied Jerusalem and Israel in the first century BCE. The Jews revolted against Roman Rule about 130 years later during what became known as the First Jewish Revolt.
|State of Israel מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל (Hebrew) دولة إسرائيل (Arabic)|
|Ethnic groups (2019)||74.2% Jews 20.9% Arabs 4.8% Others|
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