Usage of Et Tu, Brute
In today’s world, the phrase is extensively used to express one’s bewilderment when he is threatened or exploited by one of his close friends. The phrase is common to be heard in offices, where seniors use this phrase in reply to the criticism of juniors.
Partially reinforced by these takes on Caesar’s assassination in popular culture, many people mistakenly believe that Julius Caesar’s last words were, “Et tu, Brute?” which means, “And you, Brutus?” in Latin—allegedly an expression of shock and horror at Marcus Junius Brutus’s betrayal.
A phrase used to express one’s dismay at mistreatment or betrayal. The phrase is attributed to Julius Caesar, whose close friend Brutus conspired to murder him.
So just to confirm, as ‘et’ is a preposition, you would always use the disjunctive pronoun ‘toi’ and never in any circumstance use ‘et tu?’ . i.e. the use of toi is not specific to this greeting, but applies without exception, for example: ‘J’aime jouer au tennis, et toi?’
Caesar’s last words were ‘et tu, Brute‘ Another Shakespearean invention was Caesar’s last words, “Et tu, Brute?,” meaning “You too, Brutus?” in Latin.
Julius Caesar Act 3 Scene 1 – Brutus Stabs and Kills Caesar (Et tu, Brute! Then fall, Caesar)
Caesar dared Cassius to swim in the turbulent water during a storm; they both jumped in, but Caesar panicked and almost drowned in fear; Cassius saved Caesar from drowning. This shows that Caesar may not be as strong as he portrays, and that Cassius is a strong man who sees Caesar as a weak tyrant.
|Marcus Junius Brutus|
|Occupation||Politician, orator and general|
|Known for||Assassination of Julius Caesar|
|Office||Governor of Cisalpine Gaul (47–45 BC) Praetor (44 BC) Consul designate (41 BC)|
|Spouse(s)||(1) Claudia (2) Porcia|
The phrase “Et tu, Brute?” (“You too, Brutus?”) is associated with the Roman general and ruler Julius Caesar. … The phrase, made famous by William Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar, has come to symbolize the notion of an unexpected betrayal.
The words ‘Et tu Brute’ are spoken by Caesar just before dying conspirators when Brutus stabs Caesar. Caesar speaks these words as Caesar has not expected such a treacherous act from him as Brutus was his trusted friend.
As with English, French people tend to reply to Ça va? with a positive response – Bien, or Bien, merci – much the same way as we would use fine in English. The following responses are polite enough for a new acquaintance, but general enough for a good friend, too: Très bien, merci.
How to respond. If “Ça va?” asks “How’s it going?” the answer is the same as with our second phrase (“Ça va bien, et toi?”). If someone is asking if you’re okay, you can say “Oui, ça va, merci” (“I’m okay, thank you”).
Brutus is called Brutus because that is the Nominative Singular form of his name. Brute is the Vocative form. Vocative is used when directly speaking to someone. In English, we use the Nominative singular form of a Latin name because that is when it is most often used as the subject.
The Liberators were smashed at the Battle of Philippi and the Roman Republic would never return. The defeat at Philippi was effectively the end of the military power of those who sympathized with the old Republican system. Caesar’s death allowed Mark Anthony and Octavian to partition the Empire between them.
Where does caesar’s body lie? How is this ironic? It lies at the bottom of the statue of Pompey. It’s ironic because to become king, Caesar defeated Pompey.
When the conspirators realised that Caesar will not listen to their demands to allow Cimber in Rome (as he was banished), Casca (one of the conspirators) decides to take revenge and murder Caesar, as per their plan. So when he says ‘speak hands for me’ he means ‘let my hands speak for me‘, and he stabs Caesar.
For who so firm that cannot be seduced? Caesar doth bear me hard, but he loves Brutus.
When could they say, till now, that talked of Rome, That her wide walks encompassed but one man? When there is in it but one only man.
How does Caesar feel about Cassius? He feels like he will never be happy being ruled over and that he reads into things too much. … Because Brutus is close and trusted by Caesar. If he gains his support it will be easier to take Caesar down.
Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears; I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him. Come I to speak in Caesar’s funeral. …
Brutus struck Caesar in the groin (a telling blow, perhaps, given that his mother Servilia once had been Caesar’s mistress). … Slumped against the pedestal of Pompey’s statue, Caesar died, having been stabbed twenty-three times.
Answer and Explanation:
When someone says ‘bonsoir’ (pronounced: bohn-SWAHR), you can simply reply ‘bonsoir’ as well. Notice that this is the equivalent of ‘good evening.
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